Not everyone is equal in terms of wealth. Some are rich, some are poor and some are average or middle class. But there is a tendency that predominates in wealth or wealth, that those who are rich tend to be richer. And those who are poor are still poor. The phrase is catchy "the rich are getting richer and the poor poorer". You could say that the rich know how to make money, thus gaining more money is natural. But the poor do not have the skills or capital to make money and even though they only live makes them poorer. A common observation bitter but is under the long and endless "life isn't fair" list. It is even in the Bible. The Gospel according to St. Matthew says:
Because everyone who has, more will be given, and you will have in abundance, but of those who do not have, even what has will be removed. -Matthew 25: 29, new revised Standard Version
In less elegant terms using Street language, if you do, that they hold and grow with it. If I don't, there is no way you are going to get. This observation is aptly referred to as the effect Mateo or cumulative advantage. Consider the following examples of the Matthew effect:
A research team, credit for a new discovery gives always to the scientist most famous or known of the group, although others have done equal work or more in the team. They will receive some praise, but more often than not, the fame and the glory is for someone that is already known.
In the world of the show, the actor or actress in a movie takes all the fame and glory that comes with the success of a film. This fame in turn add to your / notoriety. The director and his team's standing in the limelight dimming or not-so-bright of praise, unless the director is also famous as Steven Spielberg or Martin Scorsese.
The Matthew in education effect
Wealth or praise is an area of life in which the Matthew effect is observed. More worrying is the impact in the field of education. Keith E. Stanovich, current President of research of Canada in applied cognitive science at the University of Toronto, noted this effect in children's learning capacity. To illustrate the situation, consider the skills of reading two children, Sam and Chris.
Sam learns to read at the age of five years and a period of two years, can read a book of stories with images very easily. His reading of files and capacity is perfected. At the age of 10 years, Sam read an Agatha Christie or a full novel. Your appetite is voracious reading, you can read quickly and well, their vocabulary is excellent for your age and your writing and oratory also top. Sam has no problem reading of larger and more complicated books and learn more with each book. Their levels of knowledge will increase by leaps and bounds.
Chris is learning to read at 5. It is difficult and not put much effort into learning how to read. In third grade, Chris still has difficulties to read, read on an a, b, c level, while their peers can read picture books and fairy tales. The voltage reading that makes Chris even more reluctant to read. As he hates to read, you can not follow the pace of the class. Their poor reading skills affect his writing and mathematics, and even to speak, he dares not. Chris has a very poor vocabulary. At the age of 10, reading a book of images is a horrible tension for him. Their speech patterns are also affected.
Draw a chart based on previous cases. A clear and constant graph upwards and is formed of Sam reading ability. Each year, the graph rises a point upwards. Do not get wet or fall. But Chris chart has a start slow and never rises. With the passage of time, falls and drops alarming chart. It starts in the red and remains red. This is a clear case of the Matthew effect. The ability to read feeds and improves with time, but if they don't understand the gift of reading at the right time, you can fall behind and its capacity deteriorates even more. Poor reading skills starting a vicious circle, where unable to read well, the read speed slows, begins to hate reading and avoid at all costs, only worsens their capacity. Poor reading also affects their capacity for analysis and logic, as well as writing and speech. So when the children are bad at reading, they tend to get worse over time. But those who are good at reading only to improve.
The dangers of the Matthew effect
Like wealth, the ability to read can be built or inherited. A child in the first degree can be read at a 3rd grade level, perhaps due to the superior intellect or better pre-school education. This ability he / she does not deteriorate due to the lack of challenge, but is in